Funding Sources

Apprenticeship Related and Supplemental Instruction (RSI) Funding for Classroom Instruction

Since 1970 California has funded related classroom instruction for state-registered apprenticeship programs known as Related and Supplemental Instruction (RSI) or Montoya Funds. The passage of Assembly Bill 86 (2013–14), the California Community College Chancellor’s Office (CCCCO) was authorized with the oversight, validation and disbursement of RSI funding for California Community College Districts (CCD) as well as California Department of Education (CDE)–Local Educational Agencies (LEAs) that partner with apprenticeship program sponsors.

Apprentices attend classes on the practices and theory of their trade and then apply that knowledge to the workplace, generally under the supervision of an experienced supervisor or journeymen until the apprentice masters the particular area of training. Employers are an integral part of apprenticeship programs and pay the majority of the training costs incurred to develop apprentices and make them proficient in their trade or craft. Apprentices’ placement in a trade typically takes three to five years. For more information, visit

California Apprenticeship Initiative (CAI) Grant Program

The California Budget Act of 2017–18 proposes $54.9 million in Proposition 98 (General Fund), of which $17.7 million is allocated directly to CCDs to reimburse apprentices’ RSI, $22.1 million to reimburse CDE LEAs for RSI, and $15 million to support the development of new and innovative apprenticeship programs through the California Apprenticeship Initiative. The California Community Colleges Chancellor’s Office oversees distribution of these funds. For more information, or to complete a Request for Application (RFA), visit

California Employment Training Panel (ETP) Investments in Apprenticeship

In March 2012, the ETP took action to initiate an “Apprenticeship Training Program” (ATP). ATPs aid individuals who are completing the rigorous training requirements of pre-apprentice, apprentice, and journey training programs approved by DAS. The program provides apprenticeship program sponsors with funding to supplement limited RSI funds. Since its inception, the program has funded 117 contracts worth over $53 million to train approximately 32,000 workers. The ETP expects to invest several million dollars annually to support new, nontraditional apprenticeship programs while maintaining funding levels for traditional apprenticeships. For more information, visit

California Workforce Development Board (CWDB)

The California Workforce Development Board (CWDB) is responsible for helping the Governor to perform the duties and responsibilities required by the federal Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014 (WIOA). The overarching goal of California’s Strategic Workforce Development Plan is the reorientation and realignment of California’s workforce programs and institutions to support a dynamic and globally successful state economy that offers all residents—including the most vulnerable—an opportunity for a higher quality of life.

Priorities in California’s Strategic Workforce Development Plan include the expansion of state-registered apprenticeship and other earn-and-learn models. In 2016, the CWDB disbursed nearly $5 million in Proposition 39 Clean Energy Job Creation funds to build on the success of the first group of construction pre-apprenticeship pilot projects to implement and advance energy efficiency–focused job-training and placement programs targeting disadvantaged Californians in 11 projects.

In addition, the CWDB has invested more than $10 million in 71 “Workforce Accelerator Fund” projects, including apprenticeships such as a “medical coder” program with Kaiser Permanente and the Service Employees International Union (SEIU). For more information, visit

December 2019