Skip to Main Content

This information is provided free of charge by the Department of Industrial Relations from its web site at These regulations are for the convenience of the user and no representation or warranty is made that the information is current or accurate. See full disclaimer at
Subchapter 4. Construction Safety Orders
Article 29. Erection and Construction
Return to index
New query

§1716.1. Structural Wood Framing Systems.

(a) Scope. This section applies to the construction and placement of structural wood framing systems.

(b) Definitions.

(1) Structural wood framing systems. Operations, methods, and procedures associated with the installation of essentially horizontal wood framing systems (including panelized roof systems) that are typically associated with construction used in non-residential type structures, such as warehouses, gymnasiums, shopping malls or similar structures. These orders do not apply to framing procedures typically associated with residential structures.

(2) Administrative controls. Employee training and instructions for the hazards associated with the construction of structural wood framing systems and the immediate presence of competent supervision on the jobsite to ensure safe work practices are followed where engineering controls have proven not to be feasible.

(c) Exposure and Protection.

(1) Employees are to be protected from falls by guardrails as specified in Section 1620 or a safety net, personal fall protection system, or other methods specified in Article 24 while walking/working on surfaces 15 feet or more above a lower level.

(A) Employees working at the leading edge shall be provided with either fall protection as specified in Article 24, utilize a fall protection plan or be protected by parapets at least 24 inches high.

(d) Use of lift trucks and elevated work platforms.

(1) When it is necessary to elevate employees using an industrial truck, the requirements of General Industry Safety Orders, Section 3657, Elevating Employees with Lift Trucks, and Section 3659, Back Guards, shall apply.

Exception: The seven foot back guard for the mast may be omitted where restricted clearance exists or the nature of the work prohibits its use. Where either of these conditions exists, administrative controls to ensure the safety of the employee shall be used.

(2) Employees and/or loads shall not be on the elevated work platform when the operator is not at the lift controls unless the following is complied with: the operator is able to see the lift, is within 25 feet, and has unobstructed return access to the lift; the power is turned off; brakes are set; and, the lift is on a level surface.

Note:Where it is necessary to tilt the mast of the lift truck to allow an employee to accomplish a necessary activity at an elevated location, the operator may tilt the mast forward, not to exceed 3 feet from the vertical if the work is of short duration and competent supervision is immediately present during the operation. Prior to elevating and tilting the mast, the operator shall inspect and verify the work platform is secure to the lift forks.

(e) Roof or Floor Openings.

(1) Roof or floor openings which exist during the construction of a structural wood framing system are to be guarded by a standard railing and toeboard or by a cover. The covering shall be secured in place and identified as an opening cover in letters not less than one inch high.

(2) Temporary openings shall be covered or guarded as soon as the operation reasonably permits.

(f) Erection procedure.

(1) A site-specific, written erection procedure shall be prepared by a qualified person, and implemented under the direct supervision of a competent person.

(2) A copy of the erection procedure shall be available at the jobsite.

NOTE: Authority cited: Section 142.3, Labor Code. Reference: Section 142.3, Labor Code.


1. New section 1716.1 filed 8-1-74 as an emergency; effective upon filing (Register 74, No. 31).

2. Certificate of Compliance filed 11-22-74 (Register 74, No. 48).

3. Certificate of Compliance refiled 11-27-74 (Register 74, No. 48).

4. Repealer and new section filed 11-29-74; effective thirtieth day thereafter (Register 74, No. 48).

5. Repealer filed 6-21-85; effective thirthieth day thereafter (Register 85, No. 25).

6. New section filed 1-21-92; operative 2-20-92 (Register 92, No. 12).

7. Change without regulatory effect amending subsection (e)(1) filed 3-22-94 pursuant to title 1, section 100, California Code of Regulations (Register 94, No. 12).

8. Amendment of subsection (c)(1), repealer of subsection (c)(1)(A), redesignation of former subsection (c)(1)(A)1. as new subsection (c)(1)(A), and repealer of subsections (c)(1)(A)2.-(c)(1)(E) filed 7-30-97; operative 8-29-97 (Register 97, No. 31).

9. Amendment of subsection (f)(1) filed 1-29-2001; operative 2-28-2001 (Register 2001, No. 5).

Go BackGo Back to Article 29 Table of Contents